Causes of PCOS

The exact cause of PCOS is not known. Factors that plays an important role include:

  • Excess insulin level : Insulin is the hormone produced in your body that help body cells to use sugar which is it’s primary energy supply. If your body cells become resistant to the action of insulin hormone, then your blood sugar level will rise and your body start producing more insulin. High insulin in blood may increase androgen production, leading to difficulty with ovulation.
  •  Low-grade inflammation : Research has shown that women with PCOS usually have a type of low-grade inflammation that start stimulating polycystic ovaries to produce male hormone androgen, which lead to heart and blood vessel problems.
  •  Heredity : Research suggests that certain genes may be linked to PCOS making it a problem which may run in family.
  • Excess androgen : The body produce high levels of androgen, resulting in coarse facial features unwanted facial hair, acne.

Complications of PCOS can include :

  • Infertility
  • Pregnancy diabetes or pregnancy-induced high blood pressure
  • Repeated abortion or premature birth
  • Liver steatosis – a severe liver inflammation caused by fat accumulation in the liver
  • Metabolic syndrome –  conditions like high blood pressure, high blood sugar, and abnormal cholesterol or blood lipid level that significantly increases risk of heart disease
  • Diabetes or prediabetes
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Depression, anxiety and eating disorders
  • Abnormal menstural bleeding
  • Cancer of the uterus ( endometrial cancer)
  • Increased body weight is associated with PCOS and can worsen complications of the disorder.